Shailputri is one of many names of goddess Parvati. She is worshiped on the first day of Navratri. She fulfills wishes of devotees.
Shailputri = Shail + Putri = Shail means mountain and Putri means daughter. Hence Shailputri literally means daughter of Mountains. Shailputri is known as Sati, Parvati or Hemvati. Hemvati was the daughter of the king of mountains – Himvan or Himalaya.
The first night of Navratri festival is dedicated to Shailputri. Shailputri is believed to be the protector of forest.
Appearance Of Shailputri
Shailputri contain a trishool (trident) on her right hand and a lotus on left hand. She rides a bull. She has blissful looks and a pleasant smile. She has a half-moon on her crown.
The Legend of Sati/ Uma
It is believed Shailputri was Sati in her previous birth.
As per mythology, Uma was daughter of King Daksha. She did hard penance to marry Lord Shiva, pleased Shiva married to Uma. But her father King Daksha was not happy of her marriage with a tiger-skin clad groom. Daksha organized a Yagna (A ritual performed around fire) where he invited everyone except Shiva. Upset Uma decided to attend the event. There, Daksha insulted Shiva and in furious Uma jumped into the sacrificial fire and burnt herself alive. Since then, she is known as Sati.
Sati took re-birth as Hemvati or Parvati, the daughter of the king of the mountains, Himvan or Himalaya, and got married with Lord Shiva again.
Parvati is sub-part of Goddess Durga. Durga’s this front is worshipped on the first day of the Navratri celebrations.